In this study, we investigated the effects of combining preprandial repaglinide to the insulin therapy for reducing the exogenous insulin requirements and serum HbA(1c) levels in type 2 diabetic patients whose blood glucose levels were previously regulated by multiple dose intensive insulin therapy. Fifty patients with type 2 diabetes who had been initially treated with oral antidiabetic agents without a satisfactory response were included in this study. After adequate glycemic control was achieved with intensive insulin therapy, the patients were divided into two subgroups. The first group continued with intensive insulin therapy. The second group received a combination of multiple insulin injections and oral repaglinide (1.5 mgr tid). The doses of insulin injections were gradually decreased accordingly in the second group. Both groups were followed-up for 3 months. Repaglinide was well tolerated and had no toxicity. A significant reduction regarding exogenous insulin requirements and serum HbA(1c) levels were demonstrated in patients taking preprandial repaglinide (p < 0.01). Combining repaglinide to intensive insulin therapy could be a safe and effective alternative to intensive insulin therapy alone for the glycemic control and for reducing exogenous insulin requirements in type 2 diabetic patients.