in: Current Debates in History and Political Sciences, Sağlam, M. A.; Yıldırım, E. , Editor, Ijopec Publication, London, pp.39-54, 2018
The rapid development of medical science and the broadening of its field of application have brought the concept of health communication to light as a necessity. The terminology used in the field originates from ancient Greek and Roman mythology. It is also known that the ancient world played an important role in the historical development of medical science. Therefore, data about the past of health communication will shed light on its present and the future. The aim of this work is to bring a mythological point of view to health communication and scrutinize the deities of health in Greek mythology. It aims to shed light on the past and the appearance in the ancient world health communication, which is gaining attention as a new conceptual and practical field. The study discusses Greek mythology which is the basis of the dominant Western paradigm. In this context, mythology dictionaries by Azra Erhat and Pierre Grimal were examined and deities related to health and physicians from Greek mythology were determined. The literature was reviewed and knowledge from different sources were compiled. Then, gods and goddesses related to health and physicians from Greek mythology were examined by describing their mythological origins, functions, influence, patients and treatments, and the myths about them. Greek mythology in which the gods ‘Apollo’, ‘Asclepius’, ‘Paian’ and the goddesses ‘Artemis’, ‘Hygeia’ and ‘Eilithyia’ were found to be related to health, and also includes the names of mythologic creatures such as ‘Chiron’ and ‘Naiads (Naiades)’ and physicians such as ‘Podalirius’, ‘Machaon’, ‘Melampous’ and ‘Hecamede’. Details of the findings obtained in the present study are reflected in the conclusion.
Key Words: Health communication, mythology, history.