New carnivore material from the Middle Miocene of Turkey. Implications on biochronology and palaeoecology

MAYDA S. , Koufos G. D. , Kaya T. , GUL A.

GEOBIOS, cilt.48, ss.9-23, 2015 (SCI İndekslerine Giren Dergi) identifier identifier


New carnivore remains, as well as some old material from the middle Miocene of Turkey are studied and reviewed in the present article. The middle Miocene mammal faunas of Southeastern Europe and Western Asia are rare and every new finding contributes to their better knowledge. The studied material originates from the Candir, Pasalar and Inonu localities, which are well known, especially the two first ones because of the presence of hominoid fossil remains. The following species have been recognized in the studied material from each locality (those marked by an asterisk are found for the first time): Candir: Amphicyon major, "Thalassictis" cf. montadai*. Percrocuta tungurensis*, Percrocuta sp.; Pasalar: Amphicyonidae sp., Ischyrictis sp., Protictitherium intermedium, Protictitherium cingulatum*, Protictitherium cf. crassum*. Styriofelis Iorteti; Inonu: Sansanosmilus cf. palmidens*. The carnivoran faunas of the Candir and Pasalar localities are similar, with eight shared species. They differ in the presence of ailurids in candir and the higher abundance of mustelids in Pasalar. The age of the three localities is discussed; the similarity of the Candir and Pasalar faunas suggests that they have similar ages. The carnivore guild structure of candir and Pasalar and its comparison with modern assemblages from known environments suggest a mixed, open woodland-like environment. (C) 2014 Elsevier Masson SAS. All rights reserved.