An electrochemical biosensor for detection of fructose in food samples was developed by immobilization of fructose dehydrogenase (FDH) on cysteamine and poly(amidoamine) dendrimers (PAMAM)-modified gold electrode surface. Electrochemical analysis was carried out by using hexacyanoferrate (HCF) as a mediator and the response time was 35s at +300 mV vs. Ag/AgCl. Moreover, some parameters such as pH, enzyme loading and type of PAMAM (Generations 2, 3 and 4) were investigated. Then, the FDH biosensor was calibrated for fructose in the concentration range of 0.25-5.0 mM. To evaluate its utility, the FDH biosensor was applied for fructose analysis in real samples. Finally, obtained data were compared with those measured with HPLC as a reference method. (C) 2011 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.