Excitons in disordered polymers


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Avgin İ. , Huber D. L.

JOURNAL OF LUMINESCENCE, cilt.122, ss.389-392, 2007 (SCI İndekslerine Giren Dergi)

  • Cilt numarası: 122
  • Basım Tarihi: 2007
  • Doi Numarası: 10.1016/j.jlumin.2006.01.147
  • Dergi Adı: JOURNAL OF LUMINESCENCE
  • Sayfa Sayısı: ss.389-392

Özet

We investigate the effects of disorder on Frenkel excitons in disordered conjugated polymers. In these materials, the principal effect of the disorder is to modify the transfer integrals appearing in the exciton Hamiltonian by changing the angle of relative rotation between polymeric units in a random manner. It is assumed that the transfer integrals have the form tcos(phi(k)-phi(k+1)) where phi(k) denotes the orientation angle of the kth unit. We focus on two types of angular disorders: segmental disorder, which is characterized by infrequent, large fluctuations in Delta phi and a continuous disorder marked by small fluctuations in each Delta phi. We calculate the density of states and inverse localization lengths for the exciton modes in long chains by mode-counting techniques and the absorption spectra in shorter chains by direct matrix diagonalization. Particular emphasis is placed on relating the features of absorption spectra to distribution and localization of the underlying exciton modes. Comparison is made with the spectra obtained by assuming that the disorder arises from random fluctuations in inter-unit bond length. (c) 2006 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.