Efficacy of levetiracetam as first-line therapy for neonatal clinical seizures and neurodevelopmental outcome at 12 months of age


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Kanmaz S. , Altun K. , Terek D., Serin H. M. , Simsek E., Dokurel C., ...Daha Fazla

ACTA NEUROLOGICA BELGICA, 2020 (SCI İndekslerine Giren Dergi) identifier identifier identifier

Özet

Appropriate treatment of neonatal seizures with an effective therapy is important in reducing long-term neurologic disabilities. Sixty-seven neonates, who received intravenous (IV) levetiracetam (LEV) as first-line therapy for treating seizures between 2013 and 2017 were evaluated retrospectively to investigate the efficacy of LEV and its neurodevelopmental outcome at 12 months of age. Of the 67 neonates (44 preterm and 23 term babies) evaluated for seizures, 55 (82%) had a defined etiology. EEG confirmation was obtained in 36 (57.1%) of the neonates with clinical seizures. On the 7th day of the treatment (mean seizure control time 7.4 +/- 15.1 days), LEV was effective as monotherapy in 43 (64%), whereas add-on therapy was required in 24 (36%) neonates. At the 1-year follow-up, 76% of infants achieved drug-free state, nine (18%) infants remained on LEV monotherapy and three (6%) needed add-on therapy. Neurodevelopmental outcome of the infants was assessed with Ankara Development Screening Inventory and results suggested favorable neurodevelopmental outcome in 69.7% of the infants with at the end of the 1-year follow-up with LEV monotherapy. In conclusion, this retrospective cross-sectional study demonstrated that IV LEV is an effective first-line therapy for treating neonatal clinical seizures and LEV monotherapy effect was sustained during the first year follow-up.