Comparative skeletogenesis of the Oriental Tree Frog Hyla orientalis (Anura: Hylidae)

Yildirim E., KAYA U.

ZOOLOGISCHER ANZEIGER, vol.253, no.5, pp.361-371, 2014 (Journal Indexed in SCI) identifier identifier

  • Publication Type: Article / Article
  • Volume: 253 Issue: 5
  • Publication Date: 2014
  • Doi Number: 10.1016/j.jcz.2014.04.002
  • Title of Journal : ZOOLOGISCHER ANZEIGER
  • Page Numbers: pp.361-371


The ontogeny of skeletal development of the Oriental Tree Frog, Hyla orientalis (Bedriaga, 1890), is followed from tadpole to froglet and compared with four other hylid species i.e., Hypsiboas lanciformis, Hypsiboas pulchellus, Phyllomedusa vaillanti and Pseudis platensis. Our analysis and comparison is based on cleared and double-stained specimens. The parasphenoid is the first skeletal element that ossified in Hyla orientalis is followed by the exoocipital, prootic, axial and appendicular skeletal elements, frontoparietal, nasal, upper jaw, squamosal, pterygoid, lower jaw, vomer and quadratojugal. Ossification initiated at early Stage 33 in Hyla orientalis whereas in other hylids it begins after Stage 37. Major transformations of the larval jaw were visible after Stage 42. Cranial ossifications were completed after appendicular and axial ossifications of Hyla orientalis. All skeletal elements ossified before the end of the metamorphosis, a unique feature of Hyla orientalis in comparison to the other hylids studied here. (C) 2014 Elsevier GmbH. All rights reserved.