Roux-en-Y bleeding after living donor liver transplantation: A novel technique for surgical treatment

Icoz G. , KILIC M. , ZEYTUNLU M. , YAPRAK O., ARIKAN C. O. , YUZER Y., ...Daha Fazla

TRANSPLANTATION PROCEEDINGS, cilt.35, ss.1463-1465, 2003 (SCI İndekslerine Giren Dergi) identifier identifier

  • Cilt numarası: 35 Konu: 4
  • Basım Tarihi: 2003
  • Doi Numarası: 10.1016/s0041-1345(03)00484-6
  • Sayfa Sayıları: ss.1463-1465


Upper gastrointestinal bleeding (GIB) is one of the most common gastroenterologic complications following liver transplantation. The aim of this study is to define the prevalence of GIB due to Roux-en Y (R-Y) enteral anastomoses after living donor liver transplantation (LDLT) and recommend an anastomotic technique for easy surgical intervention. Ninety-five patients underwent 96 LDLT from June 1999 through January 2003. R-Y biliary reconstruction was employed in 43 patients. Anastomoses were end-to-side (ES) in the first 25 patients and side-to-side (SS) type in the last 18 patients. GIB occurred in 13 patients (30%). The R-Y anastomotic line was shown to be the bleeding site in 10 patients. Anastomoses were in ES fashion in 7 of 10 patients (70%). In other words 28% of ES and 17% of SS anastomoses displayed a bleeding episode after LDLT. Four patients required surgical intervention (Three ES, one SS), namely an operative rate of 9%. The type of the jejunojejunostomy, the UNOS or Child-Pugh scores, the presence of preexisting portal hypertension, the duration of portal vein clamping, the GRWR of patients, revealed no statistical significant difference between bleeding and non-bleeding patients. Although statistical analyses did not reveal any significant difference (P = .47), GIB was higher among patients with an ES type of anastomoses. As a result we recommend a jejunojejunostomy in SS fashion on the antimesenteric borders of the jejunal segments with a 3-4 cm blind intestinal segment. The surgical procedure for R-Y bleeding may then be performed without disrupting the jejunojejunostomy.