Development and life history parameters of Typhlodromus recki(Acari: Phytoseiidae) feeding on Tetranychus urticae (Acari: Tetranychidae) at different temperatures


Ersin F. , Turanlı F. , Çakmak İ.

SYSTEMATIC AND APPLIED ACAROLOGY, vol.26, no.2, pp.496-508, 2021 (Journal Indexed in SCI Expanded)

  • Publication Type: Article / Article
  • Volume: 26 Issue: 2
  • Publication Date: 2021
  • Doi Number: 10.11158/saa.26.2.12
  • Title of Journal : SYSTEMATIC AND APPLIED ACAROLOGY
  • Page Numbers: pp.496-508

Abstract


 

Typhlodromus recki (Acari: Phytoseiidae) was collected from aubergines, pepper, black nightshade and jimsonweed plants infested with spider mites from a pesticide-free vegetable garden in Denizli, Turkey. The biology and life table parameters for T. recki feeding on Tetranychus urticae (Acari: Tetranychidae) at different temperatures (15, 20, 25, 30 and 35 °C) were determined. The results showed that total preadult periods of T. recki at 15, 20, 25, 30 and 35 °C were 19.6±0.51, 9.4±0.16, 7.6±0.14, 5.7±0.14 and 4.5±0.08 days, respectively. The longest oviposition period was 23.5 days at 20 °C. Total fecundity of T. recki significantly differed between the constant temperatures and the highest was observed at 20 °C (28.6 eggs/female) and 25 °C (23.5 eggs/female). Although females survived for 26 days at 35 °C, only four females laid eggs for 1 day. Thus, 35 °C is not suitable for the reproduction of T. recki. Total longevity of female was the longest at 15 °C (59.5 days) and 20 °C (51.3 days) whereas male total longevity was the longest at 15 °C (53.2 days). The intrinsic rate of increase (r) and finite rate of increase (λ) were numerically the highest at 30 °C (0.17 and 1.18 d-1), but there was no statistical difference observed between 25 and 30 °C for both r and λ values. The net productive rate was significantly highest at 20, 25 and 30 °C. The longest mean generation time occurred at 15 °C (42.6 days) and the shortest was at 35 °C (8.0 days). After some field trials, Typhlodromus recki could potentially be considered in the biological control agent of T. urticae.