Comparing of Ridge Planting Performance of Precision Planters Equipped with Shoe and Disc Coulters


YAZGI A. , YALÇIN H. , AYKAS E. , TOZAN M.

TARIM BILIMLERI DERGISI-JOURNAL OF AGRICULTURAL SCIENCES, vol.23, no.2, pp.195-207, 2017 (Journal Indexed in SCI) identifier identifier

  • Publication Type: Article / Article
  • Volume: 23 Issue: 2
  • Publication Date: 2017
  • Title of Journal : TARIM BILIMLERI DERGISI-JOURNAL OF AGRICULTURAL SCIENCES
  • Page Numbers: pp.195-207

Abstract

The objective of this study was to determine ridge planting performance of the precision seeders equipped with shoe and disc type coulters and to reveal differences between seeders. To meet this target both laboratory and field experiments were conducted. Seed spacing distribution uniformity of the machines were determined using sticky belt tests at the laboratory. The values of plant spacing distribution uniformity, ratio of plant emergence, seeding depth uniformity, negative driven wheel slips of the seeders and driven wheel slips of the tractors were determined by the tests carried out on field conditions. Based on the experimental results, it was determined that, all seeders performances in terms of seed spacing distribution uniformity were found in "good" quality under laboratory conditions, while seeding quality in ridge planting on the field was determined lower than laboratory conditions for all seeders. But seeders equipped with disc type coulters were determined more effective than seeders equipped with shoe type coulters in high quality corn seeding under field conditions. It was found that seeders equipped with disc type coulters provided both higher plant emergences and more uniform seed depths in firm terms. The values of negative driven wheel slips of the seeders were determined as 0.93-5.34% and 9.14-10.24% for shoe type and disc type seeders, respectively. The values of driven wheel slips of the tractors were ranged from 1.38% to 3.83% and from 5.39% to 9.50% for shoe type and disc type seeders, respectively. Based on the all findings it was determined that seeders equipped with disc type coulters should be used in ridge planting.