Molecular structure and properties of 1-(2-hydroxy-4,5-dimethylphenyl)ethanone were experimentally investigated by X-ray diffraction technique and vibrational spectroscopy. Experimental results on the molecular structure of the reported compound were supported with computational studies using the density functional theory (DFT), with the Becke-3-Lee-Yang-Parr (B3LYP) functional and the 6-311+G(3df,p) basis set. Potential energy distribution (PED) and potential energy surface (PES) analyses were performed to identify characteristic frequencies and reliable conformational analysis correspondingly. The compound crystallizes in monoclinic space group C2/c with the CO up-OH down conformation. There is a good agreement between the experimentally determined geometrical parameters and vibrational frequencies of the compound to those predicted theoretically. (C) 2015 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.