Cardiac rehabilitation in the elderly patient


BOYDAK B.

TURK KARDIYOLOJI DERNEGI ARSIVI-ARCHIVES OF THE TURKISH SOCIETY OF CARDIOLOGY, cilt.45, ss.117-119, 2017 (ESCI İndekslerine Giren Dergi) identifier identifier identifier

  • Cilt numarası: 45
  • Basım Tarihi: 2017
  • Doi Numarası: 10.5543/tkda.2017.53988
  • Dergi Adı: TURK KARDIYOLOJI DERNEGI ARSIVI-ARCHIVES OF THE TURKISH SOCIETY OF CARDIOLOGY
  • Sayfa Sayıları: ss.117-119

Özet

As it is the case globally, cardiovascular diseases (CVD) make up the most frequent cause of death in Turkey also. Due to this fact, cardiac rehabilitation (CR) has gained a highly important role in the treatment of coronary artery diseases. In Turkey, mortality and morbidity rates among the elderly patients are significantly high. Disability due to coronary artery diseases is more frequent in the elderly compared to young patients. So, it is clear that CR has a considerable importance in this special group of patients. CR program consists the following core components; early initial assessment of the patient, nutritional counseling, management of lipid profiles, education to quit smoking, weight control, treatment and control of diabetes, emotional assessment and support, physical activity referral and exercise training. All cardiac patients, both the inpatient and outpatient groups can be recruited in the CR program. It is recommended to keep the exercise intensity between 40-80% of the patient's capacity. Exercise and aerobic training should be given together and while doing this, co-morbidities and the drugs currently used by the patient should be taken into account. In conclusion, CR is recommended to be started just after the acute phase of the disease has resolved or the patient is dismissed from the intensive care unit. Periodic follow up and 30 minute of aerobic exercise which is preffered and can be easily performed by the patient every two or three times a week will be adequate to keep the capacity regained. Especially for the patients over 75 years of age, CR program should be considered as a long-term condition management.