Identifying Collocations in Turkish Using Statistical Methods

Metin S. K. , KARAOĞLAN B.

BILIG, no.78, pp.253-286, 2016 (Journal Indexed in SSCI) identifier identifier

  • Publication Type: Article / Article
  • Publication Date: 2016
  • Title of Journal : BILIG
  • Page Numbers: pp.253-286


Collocation is the combination of words in which words appear together more often than by chance in order to create a block of meaning. Since the extraction of collocations provides many benefits in automatic processing, translation of Turkish texts and in learning Turkish, it is an important issue in Turkish natural language processing. In this study several statistical techniques, including occurrence frequency, pointwise mutual information and hypothesis tests, are applied on Turkey Turkish corpus to automatically identify collocations. We have utilized both stemmed and surface forms of words in order to explore the effect of stemming in collocation extraction. The techniques are evaluated using the F-measure. The chi-square hypothesis test and pointwise mutual information methods have produced better results compared to other methods. In addition, we have observed that when words are stemmed, methods which may be considered as successful in collocation extraction may be more clearly discriminated.