Viral hepatitis screening guideline before biological drug use in rheumatic patients


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KARADAĞ Ö., Kasifoglu T., Ozer B., Kaymakoglu S., KUŞ Y., Inanc M., et al.

EUROPEAN JOURNAL OF RHEUMATOLOGY, cilt.3, ss.25-28, 2016 (ESCI İndekslerine Giren Dergi) identifier identifier

  • Cilt numarası: 3 Konu: 1
  • Basım Tarihi: 2016
  • Doi Numarası: 10.5152/eurjrheum.2015.150072
  • Dergi Adı: EUROPEAN JOURNAL OF RHEUMATOLOGY
  • Sayfa Sayısı: ss.25-28

Özet

Biological drugs (tumor necrosis factor inhibitors, rituximab, tocilizumab, abatacept, and tofacitinib) are important treatment alternatives in rheumatology, particularly for resistant patients. However, they may cause hepatitis B virus (HBV) and hepatitis C virus (HCV) reactivation; for instance, HBV reactivation may occur in a patient who is an inactive hepatitis B surface antigen (HBsAg) carrier or who has resolved HBV infection. Therefore, the screening of patients before biological treatment and the application of a prophylactic treatment, particularly with respect to latent HBV infections, are recommended when necessary. This guideline covers pre-treatment screening and follow-up recommendations, if required, with respect to viral hepatitides in rheumatology patients who are planned to be given biological drugs. Although this guideline is prepared for biological disease-modifying antirheumatic drugs (DMARDs), it is recommended to be used also for target-oriented DMARDS and medium-high dose corticosteroids (>7.5 mg prednisolone/day equivalent). It should be considered that the reactivation risk is higher when more than one immunosuppressive drug is used.