A study of compressive strength betweenzirconia framework and veneering ceramic as a function ofthermal expansion coefficient using Shell-Nielsen test method

Gokce B. , Cotert H. S. , Ozcan M.

JOURNAL OF ADHESION SCIENCE AND TECHNOLOGY, cilt.29, ss.1924-1936, 2015 (SCI İndekslerine Giren Dergi) identifier identifier

  • Cilt numarası: 29 Konu: 18
  • Basım Tarihi: 2015
  • Doi Numarası: 10.1080/01694243.2015.1046308
  • Sayfa Sayıları: ss.1924-1936


This study investigated the adhesion between zirconia framework and four veneering ceramic (VC) materials with varying coefficients of thermal expansions (CTE). Zirconia rods (N = 40) (ICE Zirkon) (diameter: 4mm, height: 20mm) were milled and sintered. After firing, the zirconia rods were air-abraded and cleaned. They were randomly assigned to receive four VCs (n = 10/group), namely (a) Vita VM9 (VZ; 9-9.2 x 10(-6 )K(-1)), (b) Cerabien ZR (CZ; 9.1 x 10(-6) K-1), (c) Matchmaker ZR (MM; 9.4 x 10(-6 )K(-1)), and (d) Ice Zirconia Ceramic (IZ; 9.6 x 10(-6 )K(-1)). The VCs were then fired onto zirconia rods (height: 2mm, thickness: 2mm) circumferentially and were thermocycled for 6000 times (5/55 degrees C, dwell time: 30 s). Specimens were loaded from the top of the zirconia rods (0.5mm/min) in a universal testing machine until debonding. Shell-Nielsen bond strength values were calculated (MPa). Failure types were evaluated under SEM. The data were statistically analyzed (one-way ANOVA, Tukey's; alpha = 0.05). Weibull distribution values including the Weibull modulus (m) (0.05) was calculated. The highest mean bond strength (MPa) was obtained for CZ (42.08 +/- 4.08), followed by VZ (41.77 +/- 4.92), MM (40.7 +/- 3.64), and IZ (40.05 +/- 5.78). While mean bond strength for VZ, MM, and IZ were not significantly different (p > 0.05), CZ was significantly higher than that of IZ (p < 0.05). The lowest shape value was for VZ (m = 16.94) and the highest for MM (m = 20.16). Mainly, adhesive failures followed by mixed failures were observed. VCs with a greater mismatch of CTE with the zirconia framework exhibited similar Shell-Nielsen bond strength to those with fewer mismatches. CTE mismatch did not affect the results of CZ (9.1 x 10(-6)K(-1)) and IZ (9.6 x 10(-6)K(-1)).