in: Theory and Research in Social, Human and Administrative Sciences, Assoc. Prof. Dr. Erdem Sarıkaya, Editor, Gece Publishing, Ankara, pp.523-541, 2020
The epidemic caused by a mutated virus belonging to the influenza
virus family, which first started in Wuhan, China at the end of 2019, has
had an impact on the world in a short time (Gilbert et al., 2020). Due to
the virus, which was found to have a high risk of respiratory transmission,
the travel restriction that started in Wuhan on 23 January 2020 was not
sufficient to prevent the spread of the disease. Scientists have expressed the
opinion that many infected people have gone out of Wuhan and spread the
virus until this ban has been imposed (Chinazzi et al., 2020). Especially
the fact that there is a large population movement for the New Year
celebrations in China is shown as the reason for the epidemic reaching
global dimensions (Chen et al., 2020).
The virus called coronavirus by the World Health Organization (WHO)
was named “Covid-19” by making an official name definition (2019-nCoV)
(WHO, 2020). With the onset of the Covid-19 outbreak, the eyes were
turned into the aviation industry. All countries that have to fight the virus,
especially China, have started taking measures from the aviation industry.
There are reasons such as the fact that aviation is the most effective mode of
transportation used in global travel, high international passenger potential
at airports, and airports play an important role in controlling the entrances
and exits to the country.
In the aviation industry, the measures taken to prevent the spread of
Covid-19 have brought global air traffic to a halt, and many airports were
closed to use and the biggest crisis in the aviation history started (Macit
and Macit, 2020).
Crises such as Ebola, SARS, the September 11 attacks and the 2008
economic crisis have had significant impacts in the aviation industry.
Undoubtedly, it is clear that the Covid-19 pandemic crisis will also
have important effects in the aviation industry. However, how and in
what direction these effects will be discussed. In the reports published by
international organizations, public authorities’ statements and managers
of aviation companies; It is seen that a lot of information is shared about
numerical projections, post pandemic process and strategies related to
normalization. However, a projection regarding the basic building blocks
of the sector is not revealed.
The concepts of liberalization, globalization and privatization have
determined the way of the industry from past to present and enabled the
aviation sector to take its current form. If the large-scale crisis is effective
on these building blocks, changes in the sectoral environment will occur
and a new order may be formed for all stakeholders. In this study, the
effects of the concepts of liberalization, globalization and privatization on the sector will be discussed, and how the events experienced during the
pandemic crisis affected the sector, and the compatibility of these effects
with liberalization, globalization and privatization will be discussed. The
main problems of sectoral changes for the post pandemic period will be
tried to be clarified with the evidence presented.