Intercultural Perspectives on Family Counseling, Dr. Brain Canfield, Editör, Routledge, London/New York , New-York, ss.150-170, 2020
Individualism and collectivism are the two cultural dimensions used to analyze individuals’ social systems, morality, religion, cognitive differentiation, cultural patterns, values, and the embedded self versus the autonomous self (Triandis, 1993). Different than the case in the individualist society, in the collectivist societies, social behavior is predicted from norms, obligations, and responsibilities, and relationships are considered to have the greatest importance for individuals, even if these relationships interfere with personal benefits (Rasheed, 2015). It is important to note that in some cultures people may fall along a continuum, as they are not completely individualist or collectivist. The Saudi culture used to be purely collectivist, however, in the recent years, the new generation in the Saudi society can be described as close to collectivist, but not purely collectivist, which means that those individuals start to depend more on themselves with little boundaries of their own. This slight shift is causing a disturbance in the relations of across generations, as more and more youth in Saudi Arabia has started to present certain individualistic values and behaviors.