Effects of Hormone Replacement Therapy on Insulin Resistance and Platelet Function Tests

Sarac F. , SAYDAM G. , ŞAHİN F. , OZTEKIN K., Saygili F. , TUZUN M., ...More

MEDICAL PRINCIPLES AND PRACTICE, vol.18, no.1, pp.43-47, 2009 (Journal Indexed in SCI) identifier identifier identifier

  • Publication Type: Article / Article
  • Volume: 18 Issue: 1
  • Publication Date: 2009
  • Doi Number: 10.1159/000163045
  • Page Numbers: pp.43-47


Objectives: The aim of this study was to evaluate measures of insulin resistance and platelet function in postmenopausal women with oral or transdermal hormone replacement therapy (HRT). Subjects and Methods: Eighty women divided into four groups of 20 each were enrolled in the study. Group 1: postmenopausal hysterectomized women who received only transdermal estradiol (13.9 mg/12.5 cm(2)); group 2: women with intact uterus who were treated with estrogen-progestin combination ( HRT); group 3: postmenopausal women who were treated with the selective estrogen receptor modulator tibolone, and group 4: women who were not taking any drugs for HRT were chosen as a control group ( group 4). Results: In group 2, homeostasis model assessment of insulin resistance and fasting insulin levels were 2.90 +/- 0.37 and 9.3 +/- 3.0 mu U/ml, respectively, prior to administration of HRT. These levels were reduced to 1.91 +/- 0.41 (p = 0.001) and 7.1 +/- 2.7 mu U/ml (p = 0.002), respectively, after drug therapy. Mean levels of high-sensitivity C-reactive protein (hsCRP) were decreased with HRT only in group 2 (p = 0.002). No changes for biochemical and hematological parameters were observed in the other groups. Platelet function tests showed no differences after HRT in any group. Conclusions: Estrogen-progestin combination HRT decreased measures of insulin resistance and hsCRP levels, but had no effect on platelet function tests in postmenopausal women. Copyright (C) 2008 S. Karger AG, Basel