Change point of river streamflow in Turkey


Yerdelen C.

SCIENTIA IRANICA, cilt.21, ss.306-317, 2014 (SCI İndekslerine Giren Dergi) identifier

  • Cilt numarası: 21 Konu: 2
  • Basım Tarihi: 2014
  • Dergi Adı: SCIENTIA IRANICA
  • Sayfa Sayıları: ss.306-317

Özet

The present study aims to determine the hydrological change-year by evaluating the homogeneity of average annual streamflow data in Turkey. Pertaining to the years 1936-2005, change-year streamflow data from 74 streamflow gauging stations, which have no regulatory structure on the source side, and possessing a minimum of 39 years of data, from streamflow gauging stations located on 26 streamflow basins in Turkey, have been collected. By using the employed homogeneity tests, it has been attempted to detect the change year. Employed methods are the Buishand test, the Pettitt test, the Standard Normal Homogeneity test and the Von Neumann test. By comparing the results obtained from tests, it is aimed to detect the consistency of the change years in gauging stations. The change year could be detected in 16 gauging stations using three tests each every year, and 18 stations using 2 tests in the same year. It has also been ascertained that change years of streamflow are geographically closer to each other in western Turkey in comparison to the east. The reason for values in the west to be closer, with respect to both location and time, might be attributed to the precipitation characteristics and uniformity of measured data. (C) 2014 Sharif University of Technology. All rights reserved.