CILICIAN COMMERCIAL RELATIONS WITH EGYPT DUE TO THE NEW EVIDENCE OF AMPHORA FINDS


Senol A. K.

OLBA, cilt.16, ss.109-131, 2008 (AHCI İndekslerine Giren Dergi) identifier

  • Cilt numarası: 16
  • Basım Tarihi: 2008
  • Dergi Adı: OLBA
  • Sayfa Sayıları: ss.109-131

Özet

After the first contacts of Greek pioneers with Eastern Mediterranean centers, as a result of commercial activities, cultural interrelation started to give first profits. Cilician region is known as a relatively productive area though hazarded by pirates from the Iron Ages to the late Classical Period. Although the commerce of agricultural products was a vital income for every city, Cilician goods carried on amphorae were less known until the fourth c. BCI. After that period, using the strategic commercial position located on the main marine trade routes, the Cilician cities should have adapted their agricultural production to the general Hellenistic demand of Mediterranean cities. However, the real commercial burst on wine production in Cilicia appeared under the Roman influence during the Imperial Period. One can follow the traces of this new commercial organization by means of the dispersion of Cilician amphorae throughout the Mediterranean cities and even far away as India via Egypt which will be the focus of this paper(2). On the other hand, we can not depreciate the Egyptian wine exportation to Cilicia which was started in the Imperial Period and augmented until the sixth c. AD by means of new finds from the excavations in the region.