Determination of the drying kinetics and energy efficiency of purple basil (Ocimum basilicum L.) leaves using different drying methods


HEAT AND MASS TRANSFER, vol.55, no.8, pp.2173-2184, 2019 (Journal Indexed in SCI) identifier identifier

  • Publication Type: Article / Article
  • Volume: 55 Issue: 8
  • Publication Date: 2019
  • Doi Number: 10.1007/s00231-019-02570-9
  • Title of Journal : HEAT AND MASS TRANSFER
  • Page Numbers: pp.2173-2184


In this work, the effects of different drying methods, namely sun, freeze, convective and microwave oven drying on the drying time, rate and kinetics were investigated in purple basil leaves. Additionally, the energy efficiencies of the driers were determined. All the drying processes took place mainly in the falling-rate period. Comparatively, higher drying rates were obtained from microwave oven drying of the samples. Eleven thin-layer drying models, (Lewis, Page, Modified Page I, Henderson and Pabis, Modified Henderson and Pabis, Logarithmic, Midilli, Modified Midilli, Two-Term, Two-Term Exponential, and Wang and Singh) were fitted to the experimental moisture ratio data. Handerson and Pabis for freeze drying, logarithmic for sun drying and Page for convective and microwave oven drying were found to be the best models for explaining the drying behavior of the purple basil leaves with the highest R-2 and lowest RMSE values. The effective moisture diffusivity (D-eff) values of the dried purple basil leaves were calculated with Fick's diffusion model and ranged from1.62 x 10(-9) to7.09 x 10(-8) m(2)/s. The energy efficiency of microwave oven drying was higher than the other methods.