Bimolecular fluorescence complementation assay to explore protein- protein interactions of the Yersinia virulence factor YopM

Ugurlu O., EVRAN S.

BIOCHEMICAL AND BIOPHYSICAL RESEARCH COMMUNICATIONS, vol.582, pp.43-48, 2021 (Journal Indexed in SCI) identifier identifier identifier

  • Publication Type: Article / Article
  • Volume: 582
  • Publication Date: 2021
  • Doi Number: 10.1016/j.bbrc.2021.10.039
  • Page Numbers: pp.43-48
  • Keywords: Protein interaction, Fluorescence, Green fluorescent protein, Protein complementation, Effector protein, III SECRETION SYSTEM, HOST KINASES, PESTIS, BIFC, LCRV, ENTEROCOLITICA, VISUALIZATION, MODEL, TOOL


Yersinia outer protein M (YopM) is one of the effector proteins and essential for virulence. YopM is delivered by the Yersinia type III secretion system (T3SS) into the host cell, where it shows immunosuppressive effect through interaction with host proteins. Therefore, protein-protein interactions of YopM is significant to understand its molecular mechanism. In this study, we aimed to explore protein protein interactions of YopM with the two components of T3SS, namely LcrV and LcrG. We used bimolecular fluorescence complementation (BiFC) assay and monitored the reassembly of green fluorescence protein in Escherichia coli. As an indicator of the protein-protein interaction, we monitored the in vivo reconstitution of fluorescence by measuring fluorescence intensity and imaging the cells under fluorescence microscope. We showed, for the first time, that YopM interacts with LcrG, but not with LcrV. Here, we propose BiFC assay as a simple method to screen novel interaction partners of YopM. (c) 2021 Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.