Osmotic dehydration of peas .1. Influence of process variables on mass transfer


Ertekin F. , CAKALOZ T.

JOURNAL OF FOOD PROCESSING AND PRESERVATION, cilt.20, ss.87-104, 1996 (SCI İndekslerine Giren Dergi) identifier identifier

  • Cilt numarası: 20 Konu: 2
  • Basım Tarihi: 1996
  • Doi Numarası: 10.1111/j.1745-4549.1996.tb00848.x
  • Dergi Adı: JOURNAL OF FOOD PROCESSING AND PRESERVATION
  • Sayfa Sayıları: ss.87-104

Özet

Osmotic dehydration of uniformly sized peas at 30C was studied using different solutions of sucrose, sodium citrate and sucrose+citrate mixture. The influence of various factors such as solution concentration and composition and the effect of agitation on the mass transfer mechanism was investigated. It was shown that the rate of water loss in the sample was increased by increasing concentration of osmosis solution and agitation. The most effective osmotic dehydration was obtained in sucrose+citrate mixed solutions of 60% total solids level for which a dehydration model was proposed. The apparent diffusion coefficient of water D-a was determined using the dehydration model. The values of D-a were found to be in the range 9.10 x 10(-11) - 7.63 x 10(-10) m(2)/s.