Barriers and benefits of the implementation of food safety management systems among the Turkish dairy industry: A case study

Karaman A. D. , Cobanoglu F., Tunalioglu R., OVA G.

FOOD CONTROL, cilt.25, ss.732-739, 2012 (SCI İndekslerine Giren Dergi) identifier identifier


The aim of this research was to determine the barriers and advantages of the Hazards Analysis and Critical Control Points (HACCP) and food safety programs (FSPS) employed by the dairy industry in Aydin, Turkey. By conducting face-to-face interviews and using questionnaires, the structure of Aydin dairy plants' food safety management systems was characterized. The questionnaires elicited information about the applications of food safety systems, dairy plant managers' opinions about any inspection systems, and their expectations for government and local legal authorities in food safety systems. Twenty-eight operating dairy plants in Aydin with a production licence from the Ministry of Food, Agriculture and Livestock show activity in the sector for more than 10 years (53.5%) with joint-stock or limited company status (60.7%). These plants produce white cheese, fermented milk products and butter. Implementing a clear and efficient food safety management system can improve legal issues (85.7%) and increase client trust (64.3%). This is positively correlated with the ages of dairy plant managers in the dairy industry in Aydin (p <0.05 and p <0.01). All the same, not understanding the HACCP was specified as one of the main barriers to its utilization. Almost half of managers (46.5%) reported not really knowing what HACCP was, while 35.8% reported that it was too expensive to employ. On the other hand, the main difficulties with prerequisite program (PRP) applications in Aydin dairy plants was determined to be a result of insufficient physical conditions (35.7%) and cost (46.4%).