Introduction: One of the genetic contributors to sarcopenia predisposition is Myostatin (MSTN), which in humans encodes myostatin, a 376 amino acid growth factor protein that negatively regulates muscle growth. The aim of this study was to investigate MSTN polymorphisms in an elderly sarcopenic population in Turkey and determine how they relate to sarcopenia.Materials and Methods: The study included nursing home residents who were aged 65 years. Sarcopenia screening was performed using The European Working Group on Sarcopenia in Older People guidelines. Blood sample was taken from each participant and DNA was obtained from the peripheral blood. MSTN polymorphisms were genotyped by polymerase chain reaction and restriction fragment length polymorphism methods.Results: A total of 152 elderly patients were included in the study. The rate of sarcopenia was determined to be 41.4%. The DNA nucleotide sequence of all three MSTN exons was determined for each study participant. Among the 152 patients, only 6 (3.9%) showed an MSTN K153R heterozygous mutation. Among these, three participants were sarcopenic and three were nonsarcopenic. No statistically significant difference in the polymorphism frequency between the sarcopenic and control groups was observed (p=0.664).Conclusions: MSTN genotyping revealed that only 3.9% (6/152) of participants had the MSTN K153R heterozygous mutation. Despite the detection of this mutation in the study group, no relationship was found between this mutation and sarcopenia.