Awareness of Cervical Cancer Risk Factors and Screening Behaviour among Nurses in a Rural Region of Turkey


Ertem G.

ASIAN PACIFIC JOURNAL OF CANCER PREVENTION, cilt.10, ss.735-738, 2009 (SCI İndekslerine Giren Dergi) identifier identifier

  • Cilt numarası: 10 Konu: 5
  • Basım Tarihi: 2009
  • Dergi Adı: ASIAN PACIFIC JOURNAL OF CANCER PREVENTION
  • Sayfa Sayıları: ss.735-738

Özet

The demographic characteristics of nurses and knowledge on risk factors of cervical cancer, as well as awareness of symptoms and attitudes in terms of screening programmers such as Pap smear, were assessed in a cross-sectional survey of nurses working in public Health Cabins and Family Health Centers in the rural area of Izmir, located in the western region of Turkey. Of the nurses who participated in the research, 69.1% (67) said that they had talked about cancer and cancer prevention with their families or friends; 60.8% (59) believed that their occupation was important for cancer prevention; 11.3% of the nurses had a history of cancer in their families; and 63.9% (62) thought that their knowledge about cervical cancer was adequate. There were no significant differences between knowledge or attitudes about cervical cancer risk factors or symptoms and screening methods regarding age, marital status, years of experience (p>0.05). However, there was a statistically significant relationship between having received a pap test and having a history of cancer in their family (p<0.05). In conclusion, this study has shown that most nurses knew about the Pap smear test as a cervical cancer screening methods. However, there were no significant differences between knowledge or attitudes about cervical cancer risk factors or symptoms and screening methods regarding age, marital status, years of experience.