Determination of Performance of Almond Varieties Grown in Demirci District of Manisa Province


ACARSOY BİLGİN N.

KSU TARIM VE DOGA DERGISI-KSU JOURNAL OF AGRICULTURE AND NATURE, cilt.23, ss.44-48, 2020 (ESCI İndekslerine Giren Dergi) identifier

  • Cilt numarası: 23 Konu: 1
  • Basım Tarihi: 2020
  • Doi Numarası: 10.18016/ksutarimdoga.vi.570062
  • Dergi Adı: KSU TARIM VE DOGA DERGISI-KSU JOURNAL OF AGRICULTURE AND NATURE
  • Sayfa Sayıları: ss.44-48

Özet

Almonds, a hard-shelled nut fruit species, have an important role in nutrition as a dietary product. Optimum yield and quality can be achieved through regular cultural practices and preferring ecologically fitted varieties. This study was conducted as a randomized block design in Demirci/Manisa ecologic conditions. Aim of this study was to reveal phenological and pomological characteristics (fruit weight and size, shell thickness, double kernel ratio and color) and yield of Nonpareil, Ferragnes, Ferrastar and Texas almond varieties. Almond varieties were bloomed in the second half of March, while the fruits were harvested in August-September period. Fruit and kernel dimensions, color parameters, double kernel ratio and yields showed significant differences among varieties. Accordingly, the fruit weight (4.14 g) and the shell thickness (3.21 mm) were high in the Ferrastar cultivar, whereas these values were low in the Nonpareil variety (1.95 g and 1.79 mm). The highest double kernel ratio and yield were determined in Texas and Ferragnes cultivars, respectively. Varieties, in general, had adapted to the ecology of the region. However, Nonpareil variety has come to the fore.