The Frequency and Significance of Radiologically Detected Indeterminate Pulmonary Nodules in Patients with Colorectal Cancer


VAROL Y., VAROL U., KARACA B., KARABULUT B. , SEZGIN C., Uslu R.

MEDICAL PRINCIPLES AND PRACTICE, vol.21, no.5, pp.457-461, 2012 (Journal Indexed in SCI) identifier identifier identifier

  • Publication Type: Article / Article
  • Volume: 21 Issue: 5
  • Publication Date: 2012
  • Doi Number: 10.1159/000337426
  • Title of Journal : MEDICAL PRINCIPLES AND PRACTICE
  • Page Numbers: pp.457-461

Abstract

Objective: To investigate the frequency and significance of pulmonary nodules in patients with colorectal cancer (CRC). Subjects and Methods: Medical records of 1,344 patients with CRC who underwent thoracic computerized tomography scans between January 2003 and December 2009 were reviewed. Those with any distant metastatic disease or who were already known to have pulmonary malignancies were excluded. Number, size, shape and location of the nodules were evaluated. A multivariate analysis was performed to determine the predictive factors for evidence of metastases. Results: Of the 1,344 patients, 55 (4.09%) had nodules that met the criteria of an indeterminate pulmonary nodule. The mean follow-up time was 25 +/- 17.9 months and the mean time to develop pulmonary metastasis was 15.5 +/- 6.4 months. The nodules of 17 (30.9%) patients showed progression at follow-up; 8 had metastasized. Multivariate analysis showed multiple indeterminate pulmonary nodules (p = 0.006) of parenchymal localization (p = 0.016) with an irregular border (p = 0.002), which is predictive of metastatic disease. Conclusion: Our study has shown that multiple indeterminate pulmonary nodules with an irregular border in a parenchymal location were more likely to represent metastatic disease. However, the frequency of the occurrence of indeterminate pulmonary metastases of CRC was low. Copyright (c) 2012 S. Karger AG, Basel