Liquid Phase Esterification of Acrylic Acid with Isobutyl Alcohol Catalyzed by Different Cation Exchange Resins

KARAKUŞ S., SERT E. , BULUKLU A. D. , Atalay F. S.

INDUSTRIAL & ENGINEERING CHEMISTRY RESEARCH, vol.53, no.11, pp.4192-4198, 2014 (Journal Indexed in SCI) identifier identifier

  • Publication Type: Article / Article
  • Volume: 53 Issue: 11
  • Publication Date: 2014
  • Doi Number: 10.1021/ie4037593
  • Page Numbers: pp.4192-4198


The esterification reaction of acrylic acid with isobutyl alcohol in the presence of ion exchange resins, Amberlyst 15, Amberlyst 131, and Dowex 50wX-400, has been studied. According to experimental results, Amberlyst 131 was a more effective catalyst compared with the other ion exchange resins. The effects of catalyst loading, stirrer speed, initial alcohol to acid molar ratio, and temperature on the conversion of acrylic acid were investigated. The experimental data were tested by using Pseudohomogeneous, Eley-Rideal and Langmuir-Hinshelwood-Haugen-Watson models. The nonideality of the reaction medium was taken into account by using activities instead of concentrations. The activity coefficients were calculated using the UNIQUAC group contribution method. The activation energy and kinetic and adsorption constants were determined according to the model representing the dual site adsorption, which comprises the data with minimum error.