Sedative Effect of Clove Oil and 2-Phenoxyethanol on Marine Clownfish (Amphiprion ocellaris) and Freshwater Swordfish (Xiphophorus helleri)


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Hekimoglu M. A. , Suzer C. , Saka S. , Firat K.

PAKISTAN JOURNAL OF ZOOLOGY, vol.49, no.6, pp.2209-2216, 2017 (Journal Indexed in SCI) identifier identifier

  • Publication Type: Article / Article
  • Volume: 49 Issue: 6
  • Publication Date: 2017
  • Doi Number: 10.17582/journal.pjz/2017.49.6.2209.2216
  • Title of Journal : PAKISTAN JOURNAL OF ZOOLOGY
  • Page Numbers: pp.2209-2216
  • Keywords: Clownfish, Amphiprion ocellaris, Swordfish (Xiphophorus helleri), Anaesthesia, Clove oil, 2-phenoxyethanol, ONCORHYNCHUS-MYKISS WALBAUM, CORAL-REEF FISH, RAINBOW-TROUT, COMPARATIVE EFFICACY, ANESTHETIC EFFICACY, FALSE CLOWNFISH, SEA BREAM, TEMPERATURES, METOMIDATE, INDUCTION

Abstract

This study's objective was to determine effect of two different anaesthetics 2-phenoxyethanol and clove oil on the sedation of some aquarium fish species. The induction and recovery times were determined at five stages of melanistic and not melanistic clownfish (Amphiprion ocellaris) and different sexes of Swordfish (Xiphophorus helleri). Clownfish were tested with 0.4, 0.6 and 0.8 ml/l phenoxyethanol and 0.5, 1 and 1.5 ml/l clove oil. Swordfish were tested with 1, 3 and 5 ml/I phenoxyethanol and 2, 4, 6 ml/l clove oil. For short-term application the safe dose for clownfish was 0.4 ml/l phenoxyethanol and 1 ml/l clove oil. For swordtail fish, the ideal amount of phenoxyethanol was 5 ml/l and 6 ml/l clove oil. These safe doses reduce handling stress and mortality.