Fuzzy-based GIS approach with new MCDM method for bike-sharing station site selection according to land-use types

Eren E. , Katanalp B. Y.

SUSTAINABLE CITIES AND SOCIETY, vol.76, no.103434, pp.1-16, 2021 (Journal Indexed in SCI Expanded)

  • Publication Type: Article / Article
  • Volume: 76 Issue: 103434
  • Publication Date: 2021
  • Doi Number: 10.1016/j.scs.2021.103434
  • Page Numbers: pp.1-16


Bike-Sharing Systems (BSSs) support urban mobility by strengthening the scope of public transport networks, which may be insufficient in smart cities. This paper aims to present a hybrid approach that includes a Fuzzy Logic (FL)-based Geographic Information System (GIS), the Analytic Hierarchy Process (AHP), the VIse Kriterijumska Optimizacija I Kompromisno Resenje (VIKOR) method, and the Psychometric-VIKOR method for the problem of the selection of BSS station sites depending on transportation and recreational land uses. The FL approach was included in the GIS analysis in order to characterize the uncertainty of a potential passenger's tendency to start a trip at a station within an accessible distance from the urban facilities. By combining fuzzy-based GIS analysis with the AHP method, a spatial analysis was performed for the deployment of BSS stations. The VIKOR and Psychometric-VIKOR methods were used to evaluate the performance of current and alternative locations of BSS station. This study is the first known application of the Psychometric-VIKOR method for the problem of the selection of BSS locations. The innovative hybrid approach can be used by authorities as a useful tool in solving decision-making problems that involve uncertainty in future urban investments.