Bursa Uludağ University I. International Ornamental Plants Congress (Bursa Uludağ Üniversitesi I. Uluslararası Süs Bitkileri Kongresi), Bursa, Turkey, 9 - 11 October 2019, pp.210-211
Today, the increase of anthropological pressure on Earth dictates that design projects which give consideration to the landscape are more distinguished. Thus, with this scientific research, a new approach was offered on sculpturing, which is a valuable component of landscape design in an urban setting. The aim was to conceive ecologically sound and visually attractive spaces by creating sculptures with plants in place of traditional building materials such as stone and metal.
The design process of the sculpture involved a variety of steps as a consequence of the result item being realised through living material. Hence, an iron frame for the sculpture was constructed in agreement with its three dimensional volume at the research fields of Ege University, Bayındır Vocational Training School. Following that, to keep the plant material alive, a geo-textile combined irrigation system was innovatively installed inside the frame and the outer side of the frame was donned with monofilament textile. The monofilament textile, filled with propagation material, helped to support the plants and create the realistic fleshy tissue of the sculpture. The sculpture, at its last stage, in accordance with the concept of the chosen figure, was clad with plant plugs that had high surface covering traits and a shallow root system.
This research project can act as a source guide to encourage plant sculpture work in more ecological, visually distinguishable landscape design projects. Other significant outcomes of the research include rendering new usage to available materials, which will allow related industries to increase production and employment as well as decrease dependence on imports.
Key words: plant sculpture, living sculpture, mosaiculture, ground cover plants, landscape design.