INVESTIGATION OF THE CHARACTERISTICS OF ELASTICISED WOVEN FABRIC BY USING PBT FILAMENT YARNS


Kadoğlu H. , Dımıtrovskı K., Marmaralı A. , Çelik P. , Bayraktar G. B. , Ute T. , ...More

AUTEX RESEARCH JOURNAL, vol.16, pp.109-117, 2016 (Journal Indexed in SCI) identifier identifier

  • Publication Type: Article / Article
  • Volume: 16
  • Publication Date: 2016
  • Doi Number: 10.1515/aut-2015-0025
  • Title of Journal : AUTEX RESEARCH JOURNAL
  • Page Numbers: pp.109-117
  • Keywords: Core-spun yarns, elastane, PBT yarns, thermal comfort properties, woven fabrics, SURFACE MODIFICATION, NONWOVEN, REMOVAL, FIBER

Abstract

Owing to growing demand for comfortable clothes, elastane filament yarns are being used in fabrics for several garments. In this study, core spun yarns were produced with cotton fibres and PBT/elastane filament yarns (cotton as sheath material, PBT yarn and elastane as core yarns). Twill woven (1/3 Z) fabrics were produced by using core spun yarns (30 tex) and cotton yarns (30 tex) as weft, and 100% cotton yarn (59 tex) as warp yarns. The fabrics consisting of PBT were washed at 100 degrees C for 30 minutes to gain the elasticity. The woven fabrics' weight, thickness, elongation, permanent elongation, dimensional stability, air permeability, thermal conductivity, thermal absorptivity characteristics were tested and statistically evaluated. According to the results, the fabrics containing PBT and elastane filaments had similar elongation and shrinkage values. PBT filament yarns have a great potential to produce lightweight elastic fabrics.