Dry eye and Meibomian gland dysfunction evaluation in sarcoidosis patients.


Kiyat P., Palamar M. , Gerceker Turk B.

European journal of ophthalmology, 2021 (Journal Indexed in SCI) identifier identifier identifier

  • Publication Type: Article / Article
  • Volume:
  • Publication Date: 2021
  • Doi Number: 10.1177/11206721211006579
  • Title of Journal : European journal of ophthalmology
  • Keywords: Dry eye, Meibomian gland dysfunction, meibography, ocular surface, sarcoidosis, OCULAR INVOLVEMENT, MEDICAL PROGRESS, DISEASE, PATHOPHYSIOLOGY, MEIBOGRAPHY, CONJUNCTIVA

Abstract

Purpose: To analyze the relation between Meibomian gland dysfunction, dry eye, and sarcoidosis. Materials and Methods: Twenty eyes of 10 sarcoidosis patients (Group 1) and 20 left eyes of 20 age-sex matched healthy volunteers (Group 2) were included. Presence of dry eye was evaluated with Schirmer 1 test, tear film break-up time (T-BUT), Oxford scale scoring, Ocular Surface Disease Index (OSDI) score assessments. A slit-lamp biomicroscope infrared filter (Topcon, SL-D701, IJssel, The Netherlands) was used to evaluate Meibomian glands. The drop-out ratio according to meibography was scored for each eyelid from grade 0 (no loss) through grade 3 (lost area >2/3 of the total Meibomian gland area). Results: Among dry eye tests mean Schirmer 1 and T-BUT values were lower and OSDI score was higher in Group 1 compared to Group 2 and the differences were statistically significant (p = 0.017, p = 0.039, p = 0.003, respectively). In addition, the upper, lower and total meiboscores were statistically significantly higher in Group 1 (p = 0.047, p = 0.003, p = 0.005, respectively). Conclusion: A significantly higher presence of dry eye and Meibomian gland drop out ratios was detected in sarcoidosis patients. It is important to monitor sarcoidosis patients for dry eye and Meibomian gland dysfunction and when detected, to treat adequately to prevent ocular surface damage.