THE EFFECTS OF UNMIXE AND MIXED APPLIED TOBACCO WASTE ON RUNOFF, SOIL LOSS, DRAINAGE, pH AND EC


YÖNTER G. , UYSAL H.

FRESENIUS ENVIRONMENTAL BULLETIN, cilt.26, ss.2126-2132, 2017 (SCI İndekslerine Giren Dergi) identifier

  • Cilt numarası: 26 Konu: 3
  • Basım Tarihi: 2017
  • Dergi Adı: FRESENIUS ENVIRONMENTAL BULLETIN
  • Sayfa Sayıları: ss.2126-2132

Özet

In this study, 3 soil samples of Typical Xerofluvent soil families were taken from The Agriculture Research, Practices and Production Farm in Menemen. The soil samples passed through 8 mm were placed into erosion plot, sized 30x45x15 cm and it's under a drain pipe, and different ratios applied (0, 10, 20 and 40 t/ha) of tobacco waste (unmixed, mixed). After that rain storm of 30, 60 and 90 mm/h was applied on these plots during 1 hour. After rainstorms applications, pH and EC ( mu S/cm) were measured from the soils and drained waters. Runoff, soil loss and drainage waters were calculated after rainstorms applications. As a result of research, tobacco waste in this study reduced runoff by 10-86 % and by 29-100 %, soil loss by 100 % and 86-100 %, and it increased drainage by 6-640 % and by 39406 % in the unmixed and mixed treatments compared with controls for each soil sample and rainfall intensities, respectively. It was found that unmixed applied waste was more effective decreasing water erosion than mixed applied waste on experiments.