Quality of. low-fat meatballs containing Legume flours as extenders


Serdaroglu M. , Yildiz-Turp G. , ABRODIMOV K.

MEAT SCIENCE, vol.70, no.1, pp.99-105, 2005 (Journal Indexed in SCI) identifier identifier identifier

  • Publication Type: Article / Article
  • Volume: 70 Issue: 1
  • Publication Date: 2005
  • Doi Number: 10.1016/j.meatsci.2004.12.015
  • Title of Journal : MEAT SCIENCE
  • Page Numbers: pp.99-105
  • Keywords: meatball, lentil, chickpea, blackeye bean, rusk, SOY PROTEIN ISOLATE, GROUND-BEEF, OXIDATIVE PROCESSES, PATTIES, COLOR, BINDING, PORK

Abstract

Meatballs were extended with blackeye bean flour (BBF), chickpea flour (CF), lentil flour (LF) and rusk (R) at level of 10%. Raw and cooked meatballs were analyzed for moisture, fat, protein and ash content. Cooking properties and colour parameters were evaluated. BBF and LF resulted in greater cooking yield, fat retention and moisture retention values. Meatballs extended with LF were lighter than other samples. Meatballs formulated with BBF had the lowest reduction in diameter. Meatballs with BBF and CF had higher water holding capacity (WHC) than other treatment groups. All meatballs incorporating legume flours were tougher (lower penetration values) than the R treatment. According to sensory evaluation results all meatball treatments had high acceptability and received high scores (6.8 and above). Meatballs with BBF and CF had lower TBA values than meatballs with LF and R at 3rd month of frozen storage at -18 degrees C. (c) 2005 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.