Interaction between socio-demographic characteristics: Traffic rule violations and traffic crash history for young drivers


ALVER Y. , Demirel M. C. , MUTLU M. M.

ACCIDENT ANALYSIS AND PREVENTION, vol.72, pp.95-104, 2014 (Journal Indexed in SSCI) identifier identifier identifier

  • Publication Type: Article / Article
  • Volume: 72
  • Publication Date: 2014
  • Doi Number: 10.1016/j.aap.2014.06.015
  • Title of Journal : ACCIDENT ANALYSIS AND PREVENTION
  • Page Numbers: pp.95-104

Abstract

Young drivers' high traffic violation involvement rate and significant contribution to traffic crashes compared to older drivers creates the need for detailed analyses of factors affecting young drivers' behaviors. This study is based on survey data collected from 2,057 18-29 year old young adults. Data were collected via face-to-face questionnaire surveys in four different cities in Turkey. The main objective of this study is to identify the relationship between socio-demographic characteristics, traffic rule violations, and traffic crashes among young drivers. Four main traffic rule violations are examined: red light violations, seat belt violations, speeding, and driving under the influence of alcohol, which are decisive in determining driving behavior and traffic crashes. The survey investigates the socio-demographic characteristics, traffic rule violation behavior and traffic crash histories of young adults. Four hypothetical scenarios were prepared for each traffic rule violation and data from the scenarios were modeled using the ordered probit model. Significant variables affecting each traffic rule violation are stated. Finally, significant variables that interact with crash involvements were investigated with binary logit models. According to the data analysis, 23.9% of drivers stated that they were involved in at least one traffic crash within the last three years. This crash rate increases to 38.3% for those who received at least one traffic citation/violation in last three years and peaks to 47.4% for those who were fined for seat belt violations in last three years. (C) 2014 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.