Improving the quality of operation notes: Effect of using proforma, audit and education sessions

Bozbiyik O. , Makay Ö. , Ozdemir M., Goktepe B. , Ersin S.

ASIAN JOURNAL OF SURGERY, vol.43, no.7, pp.755-758, 2020 (Journal Indexed in SCI) identifier identifier identifier

  • Publication Type: Article / Article
  • Volume: 43 Issue: 7
  • Publication Date: 2020
  • Doi Number: 10.1016/j.asjsur.2019.10.002
  • Title of Journal : ASIAN JOURNAL OF SURGERY
  • Page Numbers: pp.755-758
  • Keywords: Data reporting, Medical audit, Surgical operation notes


Background: Both from a medical and legal point of view, the quality of operative notes are important. In this study we hypothesized that the quality of operation notes could be improved by audit, education session and using a proforma. Methods: A total of 150 operation notes were audited for compliance with the Royal College of Surgeons guidelines. Results were announced in -clinic training session and guidelines were dis- cussed. An aide-memoire containing guideline parameters placed in the operating theaters. After eight months, operation reports were re -audited on an equal number of patients. An operative note proforma was developed and third audit was carried out. The results of each audit were compared. Results: In the first audit, it was found that fourteen parameters were written with more than 90% accuracy. The first audit revealed seven poor areas in documentation: time of operation (0%), identification of emergency/elective procedure (0%), identification of any prosthesis or devices used (65.3%), details of closure technique (36.6%), name of anesthesiologist (0%), pa- tient position (1.3%), and amount of bleeding (0%). In the second audit there was an incom- plete, but significant improvement in these seven parameters (28%, 28.6%, 82%, 75.3%, 31.3%, 32%, and 34% respectively). Following introduction of the proforma; third audit cycle demonstrated a clear improvement in operation note documentation with at least 80% compli- ance in all parameters. Conclusion: This study revealed that the accuracy of the operating room documents can be improved through audits, education of surgeon and using proformas. The use of proforma pro- vides much better results. (C) 2019 Asian Surgical Association and Taiwan Robotic Surgery Association. Publishing services by Elsevier B. V. This is an open access article under the CC BY-NC- ND license (http://