1,3-Propanediol Production Potential by a Locally Isolated Strain of Klebsiella Pneumoniae in Comparison to Clostridium Beijerinckii NRRL B593 from Waste Glycerol


GÜNGÖRMÜŞLER M., GÖNEN C., AZBAR N.

JOURNAL OF POLYMERS AND THE ENVIRONMENT, vol.19, no.3, pp.812-817, 2011 (Journal Indexed in SCI) identifier identifier

  • Publication Type: Article / Article
  • Volume: 19 Issue: 3
  • Publication Date: 2011
  • Doi Number: 10.1007/s10924-011-0326-0
  • Title of Journal : JOURNAL OF POLYMERS AND THE ENVIRONMENT
  • Page Numbers: pp.812-817

Abstract

The fermentative production of 1,3-propanediol (1,3-PDO) by Klebsiella pneumoniae under different initial substrate concentrations (between 5 and 110 g/L) was investigated. It was found that glycerol was almost 100% utilized and 1,3-PDO production increased up to 20 g/L of influent substrate concentration, but there was a significant decrease in both glycerol consumption and 1,3-PDO production at substrate concentrations exceeding 20 g/L. Furthermore, pH control was essential, and a lack of pH control negatively effects of 1,3-PDO production. In the second part of the study, two microorganisms, namely Clostridium beijerinckii NRRL B593 and K. pneumoniae were comparatively studied in terms of their 1,3-PDO productivity under pH controlled conditions. Higher 1,3-PDO production was achieved under pH controlled fermentation conditions (pH = 7) for both microorganisms. Even though the two microorganisms had almost the same 1,3-PDO yield (0.60 mol/mol for C. beijerinckii, 0.61 mol/mol for K. pneumoniae) at the end of fermentation period, K. pneumoniae completed the 1,3-PDO production in one-third of the time (t = 8 h with a productivity of 1.34 g/L/h) than C. beijerinckii (t = 24 h). The results of this study clearly indicated that a substrate inhibition is a challenge that needs to be studied further for higher productivities.