3D engineering simulations for evaluating arrowheads: an example for the comparison of arrowheads with different tang lengths from the Turkic Khaganate period

Çoban R. E.

ARCHAEOLOGICAL AND ANTHROPOLOGICAL SCIENCES, vol.13, pp.1-13, 2021 (Journal Indexed in SSCI)

  • Publication Type: Article / Article
  • Volume: 13
  • Publication Date: 2021
  • Doi Number: 10.1007/s12520-021-01389-y
  • Page Numbers: pp.1-13


Arrowheads belonging to the Eurasian nomads in the Middle Ages constitute a rich database, allowing an evaluation of cultural interaction in this region. However, the written sources required to interpret this rich archaeological heritage are very scarce, and the information in these sources is rather superficial. For this reason, different methods have been used to evaluate the archaeological heritage in the region. One of the most reliable of these methods is the reconstructions based on archaeological findings and the experiments performed with these reconstructions. However, the production of these reconstructions requires time, financial support and experts to produce. This paper focuses on the use of 3D simulation software, Ansys, which can offer a theoretical substitute to these costly experiments. To check the reliability of this software, 3D models of arrowheads with different tang lengths belonging to the Turk Khaganate, one of the foremost cultures in Eurasia, were simulated striking an armour plate belonging to this period.