Background: Latest data from International Agency for Cancer Research shows that breast cancer is the leading cancer site in women and is the leading cause of death among female cancers. Induction of reactive oxygen species (ROS) and oxidative stress as a consequence of impaired balance between prooxidants and antioxidants are suggested to be involved in induction and progression of breast cancer. Cancer cells are found to exhibit higher levels of ROS compared to normal cells. However increased antioxidant defence which balances the oxidative status within the cancer cells suggests that high ROS levels may prevent tumorigenesis via various mechanisms. These contradictory roles of ROS and oxidative stress in breast cancer let scientists investigate potential oxidative stress modulators as anticancer strategies.