Learning styles of medical students change in relation to time

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Gürpınar E., BATI A. H. , Tetik C.

ADVANCES IN PHYSIOLOGY EDUCATION, vol.35, no.3, pp.307-311, 2011 (Journal Indexed in SCI) identifier identifier identifier

  • Publication Type: Article / Article
  • Volume: 35 Issue: 3
  • Publication Date: 2011
  • Doi Number: 10.1152/advan.00047.2011
  • Page Numbers: pp.307-311
  • Keywords: medical education, curriculum models, ACHIEVEMENT, INSTRUCTION


Gurpinar E, Bati H, Tetik C. Learning styles of medical students change in relation to time. Adv Physiol Educ 35: 000-000; doi:10.1152/advan.00047.2011.-The aim of the present study was to investigate if any changes exist in the learning styles of medical students over time and in relation to different curriculum models with these learning styles. This prospective cohort study was conducted in three different medical faculties, which implement problem-based learning ( PBL), hybrid, and integrated curriculum models. The study instruments were Kolb's Learning Style Inventory ( LSI) and a questionnaire describing the students' demographic characteristics. Sample selection was not done, and all first-year students ( n = 547) were targeted. This study was designed in two phases. In the first year, the study instruments were delivered to the target group. The next year, the same instruments were delivered again to those who had fully completed the first questionnaire ( n = 525). Of these, 455 students had completed the instruments truly and constituted the study group. The majority of the students were assimilators and convergers in both the first and second years. A change in learning style was observed between 2 yr in 46.9% of the students in the integrated curriculum, in 49.3% of the students in the hybrid curriculum, and 56.4% of the students in the PBL curriculum. The least and most changes observed between the learning style groups were in assimilators and divergers, respectively. Curriculum models and other independent variables had no significant effect on the change between learning styles. The learning styles of medical students may change over time. Further followup studies in larger groups are needed to clarify this relation.