Apical hypertrophic cardiomyopathy might lead to misdiagnosis of ischaemic heart disease

Duygu H., Zoghi M. , Nalbantgil S., Ozerkan F. , Akilli A., Akin M., ...More

INTERNATIONAL JOURNAL OF CARDIOVASCULAR IMAGING, vol.24, no.7, pp.675-681, 2008 (Journal Indexed in SCI) identifier identifier identifier

  • Publication Type: Article / Article
  • Volume: 24 Issue: 7
  • Publication Date: 2008
  • Doi Number: 10.1007/s10554-008-9311-7
  • Page Numbers: pp.675-681


Purpose In this study, demographic, clinic, electrocardiographic and angiographic properties of patients, on whom coronary angiography was performed with the pre-diagnosis of coronary artery disease (CAD) and whose ventriculography demonstrated typical apical hypertrophic cardiomyopathy (AHCM), were investigated. Methods Seventeen patients (mean age 58 +/- 10 years, 10 male) with CAD pre-diagnosis, on whom coronary angiography was performed and had typical spade-like appearance on left ventriculography, were included in the study between January 2000 and May 2005. Results As risk factor for CAD, 8 (47%) patients had hypertension, 8 (47%) patients had dyslipidaemia, 2 (11%) patients had type 2 diabetes mellitus, 13 (77%) patients had a history of smoking, and 2 (11%) patients had family history. Seven (42%) patients presented unstable angina pectoris, 8 (47%) patients presented stable angina pectoris and 2 (11%) patients were asymptomatic. On coronary angiography, it was determined that 10 (58%) patients had normal coronary arteries, 3 (17%) patients had non-significant stenosis and 4 (25%) patients had myocardial bridging. Five (30%) patients revealed mid-ventricular obstruction and intraventricular gradient was 25 +/- 5 mmHg by the catheterization. All patients showed "giant'' negative (>= 10 mm) T waves in the precordial leads, whereas 2 patients had atrial fibrillation. Maximum wall thickness was measured as 18 +/- 4 mm in the apical region by transthoracic echocardiography. One patient (5%) who had mid-ventricular obstruction developed atrial fibrillation during 2 years follow-up, though any other events did not occur during hospitalization or follow-up period. Conclusions Physicians caring for patients with chest pain should consider AHCM in their differential diagnosis in case of a patient with chest pain and electrocardiographic changes suggestive of CAD.