TGA and kinetic study of different torrefaction conditions of wood biomass under air and oxy-fuel combustion atmospheres


Barzegar R., YOZGATLIGİL A., OLGUN H. , ATİMTAY A.

JOURNAL OF THE ENERGY INSTITUTE, cilt.93, ss.889-898, 2020 (SCI İndekslerine Giren Dergi) identifier identifier

  • Cilt numarası: 93 Konu: 3
  • Basım Tarihi: 2020
  • Doi Numarası: 10.1016/j.joei.2019.08.001
  • Dergi Adı: JOURNAL OF THE ENERGY INSTITUTE
  • Sayfa Sayıları: ss.889-898

Özet

Combustion and oxy-fuel combustion characteristics of torrefied pine wood chips were investigated by Thermogravimetric Analysis (TGA). Three torrefaction temperatures (250, 300, and 350 degrees C) and two residence times (15 and 30 min) were considered. Experiments were carried out at three heating rates of 10, 20, and 40 degrees C/min. The isoconversional kinetic methods of FWO, KAS, and Friedman were employed to estimate the activation energies. The assessment of uncertainty in obtaining the activation energy values was also considered. The obtained results indicated that due to torrefaction, the O/C and H/C atomic ratios decreased, resulting the 300 degrees C-30 min and 350 degrees C-15 min torrefied biomass to be completely embedded in lignite region in van-Krevelen's diagram. Oxy-fuel combustion affected the decomposition of cellulose and lignin components of biomass while the impact on the hemicellulose component was negligible. The kinetic analysis revealed that with the evolution of conversion degree, the activation energy values increased during hemicellulose degradation, remained approximately constant during cellulose decomposition and showed a sharp decrease for lignin decomposition. The activation energy trends were comparable in both air and oxy-fuel combustion conditions, however slight changes in activation energy values were noticed. The highest activation energy value was obtained for 250 degrees C-30 min torrefied biomass at 183.40 kJ/mol and the lowest value was 72.93 kJ/mol for 350 degrees C-15 min biomass. The uncertainty values related to FWO method were lower than KAS and Friedman methods. The uncertainty values for FWO and KAS methods were at the range of 5-15%. (C) 2019 Energy Institute. Published by Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.