Synthesis of new heterocyclic compounds based on pyrazolopyridine scaffold and evaluation of their neuroprotective potential in MPP+-induced neurodegeneration


Jouha J., Loubıdı M., Boualı J., Hamrı S., Hafıd A., Suzenet F., ...Daha Fazla

EUROPEAN JOURNAL OF MEDICINAL CHEMISTRY, cilt.129, ss.41-52, 2017 (SCI İndekslerine Giren Dergi) identifier identifier identifier

  • Cilt numarası: 129
  • Basım Tarihi: 2017
  • Doi Numarası: 10.1016/j.ejmech.2017.02.019
  • Dergi Adı: EUROPEAN JOURNAL OF MEDICINAL CHEMISTRY
  • Sayfa Sayıları: ss.41-52

Özet

Neurodegenerative disorders including Alzheimer's disease, Parkinson's disease, and Huntington's disease affect millions of people in the world. Thus several new approaches to treat brain disorders are under development. The aim of the present study is to synthesize potential neuroprotective heterocyclic compounds based on pyrazolopyridine derivatives and then to evaluate their effects in MPP+- induced neurodegeneration in human neuroblastoma cell line (SH-SY5Y cells). The effects of the compounds on cell viability were measured by MTT assay and the changes in apoptosis-related proteins including bax, Bcl-2, Bcl-xl and caspase-3 were investigated by western blot technique. Based on the cell viability results obtained by MTT assay, the percentage of neuroprotection-induced by compounds against MPP+-induced neurotoxicity in SH-SY5Y cells was between 20% and 30% at 5 mu M concentrations of all synthesized compounds. Moreover, the downregulation in pro-apoptotic proteins including bax and caspase-3 were found following the novel synthesized compounds treatments and these effects were observed in a dose-dependent manner. Our results provide an evidence that these heterocyclic compounds based on pyrazolopyridine derivatives may have a role on dopaminergic neuroprotection via antiapoptotic pathways. (C) 2017 Elsevier Masson SAS. All rights reserved.