EFFECT OF SEEDING RATE ON YIELD AND QUALITY OF NONCHEMICAL FENNEL (Foeniculum vulgare Mill.) CULTIVATION


Avci A. B.

TURKISH JOURNAL OF FIELD CROPS, vol.18, no.1, pp.27-33, 2013 (Journal Indexed in SCI) identifier

  • Publication Type: Article / Article
  • Volume: 18 Issue: 1
  • Publication Date: 2013
  • Title of Journal : TURKISH JOURNAL OF FIELD CROPS
  • Page Numbers: pp.27-33

Abstract

study was conducted to determine the effects of different seeding rates on yield and quality characteristics of fennel without using any chemical fertilizers and pesticides, in Atabey-Isparta ecological conditions during 2010 and 2011 vegetation periods. The experiment was established as randomized blocks design with three replications and three seeding rates (10, 15 and 20 kg ha(-1)) were applied. Plant height, fruit yield and biological yield were significantly affected by seeding rate. Fruit yields ranged between 230.35 and 790.96 kg ha(-1) and the highest yield was obtained from 15 kg ha(-1) seeding rate. Essential oil contents ranged between 1.60 and 2.46%. The main constituent of the essential oil was identified as trans-anethole ranged between 84.48% and 97.79%.