Aim Swallowing is a vital activity. The difficulty while swallowing, referred to as swallowing disorder, is strongly associated with serious health problems in the elderly. The aim of this study is to enable early recognition of the swallowing function developing as an asymptomatic condition. Method Our study was conducted on elderly populations aged 65 years and over who met the exclusion criteria. Firstly, to be able to reach the number of sampling, "EAT-10 questionnaire", which also has a Turkish validation, was used to eliminate those with symptomatic swallowing disorders. The number of patients we reached was 320, but 7 dropped out of the study and therefore the study was carried out with a total of 313 [reached as 97.8% (up 95% G-power)]. Result We used validated sEMG test in the quantitative (objective) detection of asymptomatic swallowing disorder. In this method, asymptomatic swallowing disorder was detected in 39 cases (12.4%). Conclusion Swallowing disorder without symptoms is frequent and the sEMG test is useful in detecting it in the elderly population.