Performance improvement of P3HT nanowire-based organic solar cells by interfacial morphology engineering


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Kiymaz D., Kıymaz A. , Zafer C.

NANOTECHNOLOGY, vol.32, 2021 (Journal Indexed in SCI) identifier identifier identifier

  • Publication Type: Article / Article
  • Volume: 32
  • Publication Date: 2021
  • Doi Number: 10.1088/1361-6528/abcb61
  • Title of Journal : NANOTECHNOLOGY

Abstract

Poly (3-hexylthiophene-2,5-diyl) nanowires (nw-P3HT) have been a great interest for organic electronics, including organic field-effect transistors, organic photodetectors, organic photovoltaics, etc due to easy formation in the solution process. Thus both explanations of charge transport dynamics and morphology are crucial for device performance. Here we demonstrated the optoelectronic properties of the P3HT nanowires where the polymer backbones were parallel to the nanowire axis. The nanowires tended to form a bundle due to van der Waals interactions. Nanowire bundles were separated by 1,8-diiodooctane (DIO) additive for photovoltaic fabrication. The bundle separation was visualized by atomic force microscopy. The charge transfer mechanism was evaluated by electrochemical impedance spectroscopy. The electrical analysis showed that short-circuit current density (J(sc)) increases to 10.74 mA cm(-2) after the bundle separation. According to impedance analysis, there is a correlation between effective lifetime and DIO ratio. These findings were considered as promising results for improving the transport by forming pathways for charge carriers.