Effects of Covariates on Classification of Bipolar Disorder Using Structural MRI


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Gönül A. S. , Eker M. Ç. , Kitiş Ö. , Çiğdem Ö., Horuz E., Soyak R., et al.

Scientific Meeting on Electrical-Electronics & Biomedical Engineering and Computer Science (EBBT, İstanbul, Türkiye, 24 - 26 Nisan 2019, ss.1-4

  • Basıldığı Şehir: İstanbul
  • Basıldığı Ülke: Türkiye
  • Sayfa Sayısı: ss.1-4

Özet

Three-Dimensional Magnetic Resonance Imaging (3D-MRI) and Computer-Aided Detection (CAD) have been widely studied in the detection and diagnosis of neuroanatomical abnormalities, including bipolar disorder (BD). Pre-processing of 3D-MRI scans plays an important role in post-processing. In this study, Voxel-Based Morphometry (VBM) is used to compare the morphological differences at the grey matter (GM) and white matter (WM) of BD subjects versus healthy controls (HCs). The effects of using different covariates (i.e. total intracranial volume (TIV), age, sex, and their combinations) on classification of BDs from HCs have been investigated for GM-only, WM-only, and their combination. 3D masks for GM and WM are generated separately by using local differences between BPs and HCs and the two sample t-test method. Principle component analysis based dimensionality reduction and support vector machine with Gaussian kernel are employed for classification of 26 BDs and 38 HCs obtained from Ege University, School of Medicine, Department of Psychiatry. The results indicate that using only TIV as a covariate provides more robust results for BD classification compared to other covariate combinations. Furthermore, the combination of GM and WM improves classification performance. The highest classification accuracies obtained for GM, WM, and their combination are 70.30%, 79.70% and 82.80% respectively.