Reversible Immobilization of Urease by Using Bacterial Cellulose Nanofibers

Akduman B., Uygun M., Coban E. P. , Uygun D. A. , Biyik H., AKGÖL S.

APPLIED BIOCHEMISTRY AND BIOTECHNOLOGY, cilt.171, ss.2285-2294, 2013 (SCI İndekslerine Giren Dergi) identifier identifier identifier

  • Cilt numarası: 171 Konu: 8
  • Basım Tarihi: 2013
  • Doi Numarası: 10.1007/s12010-013-0541-3
  • Sayfa Sayıları: ss.2285-2294


In this work, bacterial cellulose nanofibers were produced by using the Gluconacetobacter hansenii HE1 strain. These nanofibers were derivatized with dye affinity ligand Reactive Green 5, and these newly synthesized dye-attached nanofibers were used for affinity adsorption of urease. Reactive Green 5-attached nanofibers were characterized by Fourier transform infrared spectroscopy, SEM, and energy-dispersive x-ray spectroscopy analysis. Some adsorption conditions which significantly affect the adsorption efficiency were investigated. The maximum urease adsorption capacity was found to be 240 mg/g nanofiber in pH 6.0 and at room temperature. Dye-free plain nanofibers also used for studying nonspecific urease adsorption onto plain nanofibers and nonspecific adsorption were found to be negligible (3.5 mg/g nanofiber). Prepared dye-attached nanofibers can be used in five successive adsorption/desorption steps without any decrease in their urease adsorption capacity. The desorption rate of the adsorbed urease was found to be 98.9 %. The activity of the urease was also investigated, and it was found that free and desorbed urease from the dye-attached nanofibers showed similar specific activity.